In Slovakia, you can be employed only with a work permit, if:
- You hold temporary residence for the purpose of a family reunion, and in the period within 12 months from being granted temporary residence for the purpose of a family reunion,
- You hold temporary residence of a third country national with acknowledged long-term residence in another EU Member State, in the period within 12 months from the beginning of the stay in the territory of SR,
- You will be employed for the purpose of seasonal employment for a period no longer than 180 days during 12 consecutive months,
- You will be employed as a seafarer on a ship registered in Slovakia or on a ship that sails under the flag of the Slovak Republic,
- You are in an employment relationship with an employer, who has its registered seat or the seat of the organizational unit with employment/legal personality outside the territory of the Slovak Republic and who deploys you on basis of an agreement concluded with a legal or natural person to perform work in Slovakia, or
- If it is stipulated by an international treaty binding for the Slovak Republic (e.g. in-house transfer pursuant to the agreement on WTO).
Work permits can be issued for up to 2 years. For seasonal workers work permits can be issued for up to 6 months and there must be at least a six-month break between individual employments.
Work permit is non-transferable. It is issued for a specific employment with a specific employer and it is also binding as to the type of work and place of work. If you want to change your employer, you will have to apply for a new work permit.
Work permits are issued by the Labour Office locally competent according to your future place of work.
Future employer must report a job vacancy at least 15 working days before submitting the application for a work permit.
Application for a work permit
The application for a work permit is submitted at a competent Labour Office on an official application form. The application form is available for download here. The application can be submitted in person, by mail or your future employer may do so on your behalf on basis of a power of attorney.
The application for a work permit can be submitted no earlier than 90 days before the start of the period for which it will be issued for and equally no earlier than 15 working days of reporting the job vacancy.
The application for a work permit must be submitted together with:
- Official application form for a work permit printed, completed in Slovak language and signed,
- Copy of a passport,
- Copy of the document on residence (if it was granted to you),
- Contract of employment or written promise of employment,
- Officially translated and authenticated (by apostille or superlegalisation) document proving the highest achieved education or decision on recognition of a document on education,
- Authenticated copy of a business agreement, or copy of the in-house transfer (in the case of deployed workers or in-house transfer)
- Written power of attorney (if the application is submitted on your behalf by your future employer or by the company you were deployed to).
The base assessment period of the application for a work permit is 30 days.
The application, including all attachments, must be submitted in Slovak language. Foreign documents need to be officially translated into Slovak language and a certified translator seal must be attached.
Employer’s Reporting Duty
The employer is obliged to notify in writing the Labour Office of the commencement and termination of employment of a foreign national within seven working days from commencement of the employment and its termination. The notification must be submitted together with a copy of the contract of employment.
If the foreign national does not take up the post or if the employment of a work permit holder ends prematurely, the employer has a duty to notify the Labour Office about this fact within seven working days.
Work Permit Extension
Validity of the work permit can be extended - also repeatedly - for up to 2 years.
You should apply for your work permit extension no earlier than 90 and no later than 30 days before the expiration of your current work permit at locally competent Labour Office. You can get the work permit extension only on the condition that you will work for the same employer. If you intend to change the employer or work on a different position, you have to apply for a new work permit.
Expiration of a Work Permit
Work permit in SR becomes invalid when:
- it expires,
- the employment of the work permit holder ends prematurely,
- the foreign national's residence granted by the Foreign Police Department expires,
- the application for temporary residence for the purpose of employment is declined or temporary residence for the purpose of employment ends,
- residence for the purpose of family reunion ends,
- the application for temporary residence of a third country national with acknowledged long-term residence in another EU Member State is declined or temporary residence of a third country national with acknowledged long-term residence in another EU Member State ends.
The Labour Office may cancel the work permit if:
- an inspection revealed serious breach generally binding rules:
- the foreign national does not take up the position, for which the Labour Office issued the work permit
A complete list of the Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family with a map, can be found on the website of the Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family.