IOM MIGRATION INFORMATION CENTRE

Free Advice and Services for Foreigners

You are here: Home Social Issues Health Care Who is and isn’t insured by public health insurance

Who is and isn’t insured by public health insurance

Public health insurance begins at birth for persons with permanent residency in the Slovak Republic, or for a dependent family member who was born to a policyholder in another EU/EEA member state.

For individuals who have permanent residency in the Slovak Republic, public health insurance comes into being even on the day following termination of circumstances which eliminate compulsory health insurance (eg. If such person is employed abroad and has insurance coverage in the country of where he is employed).

For individuals without permanent residence in the Slovak Republic, public health insurance comes into being on the same day when reasons justify the requirement of the individual to be insured, even though the individual has no permanent residence in Slovakia (eg. when an individual begins self-employment in Slovakia or when his  employer is based in Slovakia or has permanent operations in Slovakia, etc.). Public health insurance comes into being also on the date when an individual obtains permanent residency in the Slovak Republic.

Compulsory public health insurance 

Compulsory public health insurance is generally required for an individual who has permanent residency in the Slovak Republic. There are of course, some exemptions which are listed below (see "Exemptions from compulsory health insurance").

 A foreign national from a country outside the EU, who obtains permanent residency, shall become publicly insured upon meeting all the conditions under the Health Insurance Act.

Compulsory public health insurance also applies to natural persons who don’t have permanent residency in the Slovak Republic (if not insured in another EU/EEA state), but is applicable in their cases when he:

is employed by an employer who is based in or has permanent operations in Slovakia;

  • pursues or has the right to pursue self-employment in Slovakia;
  • a student from another Member State or a foreign student studying at a school in the Slovak Republic as part of an international agreement;
  • a pupil or student who is a Slovak living abroad while studying at a school in the Slovak Republic;
  • is an asylum seeker;
  • is a minor who is residing in the Slovak Republic without any legal representative or natural person who is responsible for his upbringing, and is provided for in a social services facility for which he was placed under a court order;
  • is a foreigner detained in the Slovak Republic;
  • is in custody or serving a prison sentence;
  • a dependent family member who was born to the insured person in another Member State.

Exemptions from public health insurance

  • Compulsory health insurance is not applicable to a person with permanent residence in Slovakia, who:
  • is employed abroad and has health insurance coverage in the country where he is employed;
  •  is self-employed abroad and has health insurance coverage in the country where he conducts business;
  • Resides on a  long-term basis abroad and has health insurance abroad and is neither employed or self-employed in Slovakia; long-term residency abroad is considered a residency of more than six consecutive calendar months.

Payers of health insurance

According to the Act on Health Insurance, a payer of health insurance is:

  • an employee (shares in the contributions with the employer);
  • a self-employed person (in most cases pays contributions himself, unless the law states otherwise);
  • the employer (shares in the contributions with the employee);
  • the state (see separate article).

The requirement to be publicly insured in Slovakia under the Health Insurance Act does not mean that the insured person must also be the payer.

Contact us

Info line: 0850 211 478                (during opening hours)

Email:

  Skype: MICconsultant
  WhatsApp/Viber:
      +421 905 063 908

Bratislava
Tel: +421 2 5263 0023

Grösslingová 35
811 09 Bratislava

Košice
Tel: +421 55 625 8662
Poštová 1
040 01 Košice

Opening hours

Bratislava

Monday:   9.00 - 12.00  13.00 - 17.00
Tuesday: 9.00 - 12.00  13.00 - 17.00
Wednesday:                     13.00 - 17.00
Thursday:   9.00 - 12.00  13.00 - 17.00
Friday:  by appointment only

 

Košice

Monday:   13.00 - 17.00
Tuesday: 13.00 - 17.00
Wednesday:  13.00 - 17.00
Thursday:   13.00 - 17.00
Friday:  by appointment only

Newsletter

If you wish to receive the IOM Bratislava Newsletters directly
to your e-mail address, please
fill out the following form:

You may need a visa to come to Slovakia to visit, study or work.
Check if you need a visa.

preview

You are here: Home Social Issues Health Care Who is and isn’t insured by public health insurance