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Parental Allowance

The parental allowance is a type of state social benefit paid by the state to the entitled person for providing due care to the child.

Who is entitled?

Upon meeting certain conditions even a foreigner with a temporary or permanent residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic is entitled to receive the allowance.

The entitled person to receive the parental allowance is:

  • the parent of a child (or the spouse of the child’s parent, if living with the child’s parent in a common household)
  • a natural person, to whose care the child was placed, as a replacement to parental care

The granting of the entitlement is conditioned as follows:

  • By the provision of due care (i.e. care for the mental and physical development of the child, especially the child’s adequate nutrition, hygiene, raising), which can be performed in person or through another person
  • By the permanent or temporary residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic, regardless of the activity that the person performs (the entitlement to the allowance does not arise only in case if the entitled person is not health insured or if the person lives outside of the EU/ EEA  states and Switzerland).

 For the sake of receiving parental allowance, the term child refers to the following:

  • a child until three years of age or
  • a child until six years of age in case of a long term adverse health condition or whose care is provided by a person, to whose foster care the child was placed (the benefit is paid for a maximum period of three years from the date when the decision on placing the child into care entered into force).  

The entitlement can be claimed only by one entitled person as agreed:

  • If more entitled persons take care of the child,
  • If there are more children in the family aged until three (or six years of age)

 The entitlement cannot be claimed by a minor parent who was not granted parental rights by the court or if:

  • the entitled person and the child reside in a country which is not a member state of the EU/ EEA or Switzerland and the entitled person is not compulsorily publicly health insured in Slovak Republic during the stay in this country,
  • at least one of the entitled persons is entitled to maternity benefit or other similar benefit in a member state and the amount is higher than the amount of parental benefit or
  • at least one of the entitled persons is paid similar benefit as maternity or parental benefit by a state that is not a member state.

How much?

  • The amount of the parental allowance is 213,20 EUR per month and this amount is being adjusted each year on January 1st of the calendar year.
  • If the entitled person provides due care to two and more children born at the same time, the parental allowance is increased by 25% for each subsequent child, born at the same time as the first child, i.e. the amount of parental allowance paid in case of twins born at the same time is 266,50 EUR and in case of three children born at the same time, the amount of parental allowance is 319,80 EUR.
  • If the entitled person is receiving maternity benefit or other benefit similar to maternity benefit in a member state at the amount lower than the amount of parental allowance, the parental allowance is calculated as the difference between the amount of parental allowance and the amount of maternity benefit or other benefit similar to maternity benefit in a member state.

How to apply?

  • In order to apply for the parental allowance, information from the Social Insurance Agency on entitlement to maternity benefit is requested. From this information the entitlement to parental allowance is determined.
  • The entitlement is claimed by the entitled person by submitting a written application to the Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family, department of State Social Benefits according to the place of permanent or temporary residence.
  • The application must contain your given name, surname, date of birth, social security number (if allocated) and the residential address of the entitled person of the child, in relation to which the entitlement to parental allowance is being claimed. Upon request of the payer, the entitled person fills in other necessary data required for parental allowance entitlement proceeding.
  • In case the child was born outside of the territory of the Slovak Republic, an official translation of the child’s Birth Certificate must also be attached to the application (an equivalent document)

Download the application form for the parental allowance.

Contact us

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You are here: Home Social Issues Social Support Benefits Parental Allowance